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. 2018 Dec 4;11:2516865718813122.
doi: 10.1177/2516865718813122. eCollection 2018.

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Women Toward Prenatal Genetic Testing

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Free PMC article

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices of Women Toward Prenatal Genetic Testing

Nour Abdo et al. Epigenet Insights. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

Objectives: We aim to address public knowledge, attitudes, and practices relative to prenatal genetic testing as a starting point for policy development in Jordan.

Study design: We conducted a cross-sectional prenatal genetic testing knowledge, attitudes, and practices survey with 1111 women recruited at obstetrics and gynecology clinics nationwide. Data were analyzed using a variety of descriptive and inferential statistical tests.

Results: The overwhelming majority (>94%) of participants considered prenatal genetic testing, particularly non-invasive prenatal genetic screening, procedures to be good, comfortable, and reasonable, even when the non-diagnostic nature of non-invasive prenatal genetic screening was explained. Likewise, 95% encouraged the implementation of non-invasive prenatal genetic screening within the Jordanian health system, but most preferred it to remain optional. However, women in higher-risk age brackets, in consanguineous marriages, and with less education were significantly less interested in learning about non-invasive prenatal genetic screening. Only 60% of women interviewed were satisfied with the services provided by their obstetric/gynecologist. The more satisfied the women were, the more they are likely to adapt non-invasive prenatal genetic screening.

Conclusions: In sum, although the data support the receptivity of Jordanian women to national implementation of non-invasive prenatal genetic screening, such policies should be accompanied by health education to increase the genetic literacy of the population and to engage high-risk populations. Thus, this offers rare insight into the readiness of 1 particular Arab population to adapt non-invasive prenatal genetic screening technologies.

Keywords: Jordan policy; Prenatal genetic screening; and practices; attitudes; knowledge; non-invasive prenatal genetic screening tests.

Conflict of interest statement

Declaration of conflicting interests:The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

Figures

Figure 1.
Figure 1.
Hierarchy of women’s perception toward GS in general, and the hypothetical act of abortion in case diagnosed a congenital disease (red) or Down syndrome (blue). GS indicates genetic screening. The total numbers are not complete due to missing values.

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