Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the commonest primary brain malignancy with extremely poor prognosis. Resveratrol posseses anti-cancer effects, while GBM cells respond differently to it due to certain unknown reason(s). Because the tumor-derived exosomes are supposed to influence chemosensitivity, the exosomic proteins released from resveratrol-sensitive U251 and resveratrol-resistant glioblastoma LN428 cells are profiled before (N/Exo) and after drug treatment (Res/Exo) by label-free liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). The therapeutic implications of the proteomic findings are estimated by gene ontology enrichment analysis (GO) and the Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG)-based bioinformatic analyses and further elucidated by exosome co-incubating. The results reveal that U251/N/Exo but not U251/Res/Exo enhances resveratrol sensitivity of resveratrol-resistant LN428 cells. The resveratrol sensitive properties of U251 cells are not altered by either LN428/N/Exo or LN428/Res/Exo. U251/N/Exo contains higher levels of chromatin silencing and epidermis development proteins, while U251/Res/Exo has more oxygen transport and G protein-coupled receptor. Both of LN428/N/Exo and LN428/Res/Exo are rich in the proteins related with nucleosome assembly, microtubule-based process and chromatin silencing. In conclusion, U251/N/Exo sensitizes LN428 cells to resveratrol via delivering drug sensitizing signals, suggesting the presence of additional factor(s) that may determine the resveratrol sensitivities of glioblastoma cells.
Keywords: drug sensitivity; exosome; glioblastoma cells; proteomics; resveratrol.