Association between Eating Speed and Classical Cardiovascular Risk Factors: A Cross-Sectional Study

Nutrients. 2019 Jan 4;11(1):83. doi: 10.3390/nu11010083.


Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is one of the main causes of morbidity and mortality around the world. Lifestyle is recognized as a key factor in the development of metabolic disorders and CVD. Recently, eating speed has been of particular interest since some studies have associated it with the development of obesity and other cardiometabolic disorders. We aimed to assess the association between eating speed and various cardiovascular risk factors. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis within the framework of the PREDIMED (Prevención con Dieta Mediterránea) study with 792 participants from the Reus-Tarragona center. Eating speed was self-reported according to participant perception and categorized as slow, medium, or fast. The association between eating speed and cardiovascular risk factors was assessed using Cox regression models with constant time of follow-up for all individuals. Compared to participants in the slow eating speed category, those in the faster eating speed category were 59% more likely to have the hypertriglyceridemia component of the metabolic syndrome (MetS) (Hazard Ratio, (HR) 1.59; 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 1.16⁻2.17), even after adjustment for potential confounders (HR 1.47; 95% CI 1.08⁻2.02). No other significant differences were observed. Eating speed was positively associated with the prevalence of the hypertriglyceridemia component of the MetS in a senior population at high cardiovascular risk.

Keywords: PREDIMED study; eating speed; hypertriglyceridemia; metabolic syndrome.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Diet, Mediterranean
  • Eating / physiology*
  • Feeding Behavior / physiology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Hypertriglyceridemia / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Metabolic Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Middle Aged
  • Prevalence
  • Proportional Hazards Models
  • Risk Factors
  • Spain
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors