Tribological Performance of Nanocomposite Carbon Lubricant Additive

Materials (Basel). 2019 Jan 4;12(1):149. doi: 10.3390/ma12010149.


In this research, nanocomposite carbon has been found to have excellent tribological properties as a lubricant additive. To reduce high friction and wear in friction pairs, the modified nanocomposite carbon has been prepared for chemical technology. The morphology and microstructure of the modified nanocomposite carbon were investigated via TEM, SEM, EDS, XPS, and Raman. In this study, varying concentrations (1, 3, and 5 wt. %) within the modified nanocomposite carbon were dispersed at 350 SN lubricant for base oil. The suspension stability of lubricating oils with the modified nanocomposite carbon was determined by ultraviolet-visible light (UV-VIS) spectrophotometry. The friction and wear characteristics of lubricants containing materials of the modified nanocomposite carbon were evaluated under reciprocating test conditions to simulate contact. The morphology and microstructure of the friction pair tribofilms produced during frictional contact were investigated via SEM, EDS, and a 3D surface profiler. The results showed that scratches, pits, grooves, and adhesive wear were significantly reduced on the surface of the friction pair which was used with 3% nanocomposite carbon lubricant. Additionally, the modified nanocomposite carbon showed excellent friction reducing and anti-wear performance, with great potential for the application of anti-wear.

Keywords: anti-wear; lubricant additive; nanocomposite carbon; tribological properties.