MicroRNA-501-3p (miR-501-3p) has been reported as a novel cancer-related miRNA in many types of cancer. However, the precise biological function of miR-501-3p in prostate cancer remains unknown. In this study, we aimed to investigate the regulatory effect and mechanism of miR-501-3p on cell growth of prostate cancer cells. We found that miR-501-3p expression was significantly downregulated in prostate cancer tissues and cell lines. Gain-of-function experiments showed that upregulation of miR-501-3p expression significantly decreased cell proliferation and colony formation, and induced cell cycle arrest in the G0/G1 phase. Bioinformatics analysis predicted that cell cycle-related and expression-elevated protein in tumor (CREPT) was a potential target gene of miR-501-3p., and the results of our luciferase reporter assay confirmed that miR-501-3p bound to the 3'-untranslated region of CREPT at the predicted binding site. Moreover, miR-501-3p was shown to negatively regulate CREPT expression in prostate cancer cells. Correlation analysis showed that miR-501-3p was inversely correlated with CREPT expression in prostate cancer tissues. Knockdown studies revealed that miR-501-3p regulated the expression of cyclin D1 by targeting CREPT. Additionally, the inhibitory effect of miR-501-3p on prostate cancer cell growth was partially reversed by CREPT overexpression. Overall, these results suggest that miR-501-3p restricts prostate cancer cell growth by targeting CREPT to inhibit the expression of cyclin D1. These findings indicate that the miR-501-3p/CREPT/cyclin D1 axis plays a crucial role in the progression of prostate cancer and may serve as potential therapeutic target.
Keywords: CREPT; Cyclin D1; Prostate cancer; miR-501–3p.
Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.