Background:: Although lateral ligament augmentation using suture-tape has been effective for restoration of mechanical ankle stability, few data are available regarding changes of peroneal strength, proprioception, and postural control. The aim of this study was to determine effects of suture-tape augmentation on functional ankle instability (FAI).
Methods:: Twenty-four patients who underwent suture-tape augmentation were eligible and were followed more than 2 years postoperatively. Functional outcomes were evaluated with the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT), Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM). Changes of peroneal strength, proprioception and postural control were analyzed with an isokinetic dynamometer and a modified Romberg test.
Results:: CAIT and FAAM (average of daily and sports activity scores) significantly improved to average 27.2 points and 86.7 points, respectively, at final follow-up. Peak torque for eversion in 60 degrees/s angular velocity significantly improved to 10.6 Nm at final follow-up. Deficit ratio of peak torque for eversion significantly improved from mean 39.5% to 20.9%, and significant side-to-side difference was revealed ( P < .001). There were no significant differences in joint position sense. A significant improvement in balance retention time was revealed at final follow-up, and the relative deficit ratio compared to the unaffected side was 30.9%.
Conclusions:: Patient-reported functional outcomes significantly improved after lateral ligament augmentation using suture-tape. Although this procedure demonstrated significant effects on FAI based on improvement of isokinetic peroneal strength and postural control, recovery rates compared to the unaffected side were not significant at the intermediate-term follow-up. In addition, there was no positive effect on proprioception of the ankle.
Level of evidence:: Level IV, prospective case series.
Keywords: functional ankle instability; ligaments augmentation; peroneal strength; postural control; proprioception; suture-tape.