Epileptic Seizure Suppression by Focal Brain Cooling With Recirculating Coolant Cooling System: Modeling and Simulation

IEEE Trans Neural Syst Rehabil Eng. 2019 Feb;27(2):162-171. doi: 10.1109/TNSRE.2019.2891090. Epub 2019 Jan 7.


A focal brain cooling system for treatment of refractory epilepsy that is implantable and wearable may permit patients with this condition to lead normal daily lives. We have developed such a system for cooling of the epileptic focus by delivery of cold saline to a cooling device that is implanted cranially. The outflow is pumped for circulation and cooled by a Peltier device. Here, we describe the design of the system and evaluate its feasibility by simulation. Mathematical models were constructed based on equations of fluid dynamics and data from a cat model. Computational fluid dynamics simulations gave the following results: 1) a cooling device with a complex channel structure gives a more uniform temperature in the brain; 2) a cooling period of <10 min is required to reach an average temperature of 25.0°Cat 2 mm below the brain surface, which is the target temperature for seizure suppression. This time is short enough for cooling of the brain before seizure onset after seizure prediction by an intracranial electroencephalogram-based algorithm; and 3) battery charging would be required once every several days for most patients. These results suggest that the focal brain cooling system may be clinically applicable.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Animals
  • Brain* / physiopathology
  • Cats
  • Cold Temperature*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Electric Power Supplies
  • Electrocorticography
  • Equipment Design
  • Humans
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Seizures / physiopathology
  • Seizures / prevention & control*
  • Titanium
  • Wearable Electronic Devices


  • Titanium