Blue light irradiation and its beneficial effect on Dupuytren's fibroblasts

PLoS One. 2019 Jan 11;14(1):e0209833. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0209833. eCollection 2019.

Abstract

Dupuytren's contracture is a fibroproliferative disorder affecting the palmar fascia of the hand. Most affected are the ring fingers, and little fingers of middle-aged men. Symptomatic for this disease is the increased proliferation and differentiation of fibroblasts to myofibroblasts, which is accompanied by an elevated α-SMA expression. The present study evaluated the therapeutic benefit of blue light (λ = 453 nm, 38 mW/cm2, continuous radiance, spot size 10-12 cm2) as well as the molecular mechanism mediating this effect. It could be determined that blue light significantly diminished the induced α-SMA protein expression in both normal palmar fibroblasts and Duypuytren's fibroblasts. The beneficial effect mediated by this irradiance, radiant exposure and wavelength was associated with an elevated reactive oxygen species generation. Furthermore, the data underlines the potential usefulness of blue light irradiation as a promising therapy option for Dupuytren's disease, especially for relapse prevention, and may represent a useful strategy to treat further fibrotic diseases, such as keloids, hypertrophic scarring, and scleroderma.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dupuytren Contracture / metabolism
  • Dupuytren Contracture / radiotherapy*
  • Fascia / metabolism
  • Female
  • Fibroblasts / metabolism
  • Fibroblasts / radiation effects*
  • Germany
  • Hand / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Myofibroblasts / metabolism
  • Phototherapy / methods*

Grant support

The authors received no specific funding for this work.