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, 50 (1), 107-115

Analysis of Culturable Microbiota Present in the Stomach of Children With Gastric Symptoms

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Analysis of Culturable Microbiota Present in the Stomach of Children With Gastric Symptoms

Changcheng Guo et al. Braz J Microbiol.

Abstract

Despite extensive studies on the gastric microbiota, including Helicobacter pylori and non-H. pylori, the bacterial composition in children remains unknown. In this study, we analyzed the culturable gastric bacteria in stomach biopsies from 346 children aged 1-15 years affected by gastric diseases. H. pylori and non-H. pylori were identified by specific PCR and 16S rDNA sequencing, respectively. Antibiotic susceptibilities of H. pylori and non-H. pylori were tested by the E-test and disk diffusion methods, respectively. Rapid diagnosis was also performed by H. pylori-specific PCR. Twenty-two H. pylori strains were obtained from culture, and 92 biopsies were positive by H. pylori-specific PCR. The positive rate was higher in boys (40.3%) than in girls (23.3%) (P = 0.001). Resistance rates of 22 H. pylori strains were as follows: metronidazole, 86.4%; tetracycline, 22.7%; amoxicillin, 22.7%; levofloxacin, 31.8%; clarithromycin, 36.4%. Ten isolates were multidrug-resistant. Additionally, among 366 non-H. pylori strains, 204 exhibited urease activity. Non-H. pylori resistance rates were as follows: metronidazole, 94.8%; tetracycline, 26.2%; amoxicillin, 42.6%; levofloxacin, 15.3%; clarithromycin, 46.7%. Our results showed that children with gastric disorders harbor stomach bacteria with urease activity or nitrate reductase activity. Further studies will determine the effects of non-H. pylori bacteria in gastric diseases.

Keywords: Gastric microbiota; Helicobacter pylori; Resistance; Urease.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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