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, 50 (1), 107-115

Analysis of Culturable Microbiota Present in the Stomach of Children With Gastric Symptoms


Analysis of Culturable Microbiota Present in the Stomach of Children With Gastric Symptoms

Changcheng Guo et al. Braz J Microbiol.


Despite extensive studies on the gastric microbiota, including Helicobacter pylori and non-H. pylori, the bacterial composition in children remains unknown. In this study, we analyzed the culturable gastric bacteria in stomach biopsies from 346 children aged 1-15 years affected by gastric diseases. H. pylori and non-H. pylori were identified by specific PCR and 16S rDNA sequencing, respectively. Antibiotic susceptibilities of H. pylori and non-H. pylori were tested by the E-test and disk diffusion methods, respectively. Rapid diagnosis was also performed by H. pylori-specific PCR. Twenty-two H. pylori strains were obtained from culture, and 92 biopsies were positive by H. pylori-specific PCR. The positive rate was higher in boys (40.3%) than in girls (23.3%) (P = 0.001). Resistance rates of 22 H. pylori strains were as follows: metronidazole, 86.4%; tetracycline, 22.7%; amoxicillin, 22.7%; levofloxacin, 31.8%; clarithromycin, 36.4%. Ten isolates were multidrug-resistant. Additionally, among 366 non-H. pylori strains, 204 exhibited urease activity. Non-H. pylori resistance rates were as follows: metronidazole, 94.8%; tetracycline, 26.2%; amoxicillin, 42.6%; levofloxacin, 15.3%; clarithromycin, 46.7%. Our results showed that children with gastric disorders harbor stomach bacteria with urease activity or nitrate reductase activity. Further studies will determine the effects of non-H. pylori bacteria in gastric diseases.

Keywords: Gastric microbiota; Helicobacter pylori; Resistance; Urease.

Conflict of interest statement

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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