Absenteeism and Presenteeism Associated With Common Health Conditions in Brazilian Workers

J Occup Environ Med. 2019 Apr;61(4):303-313. doi: 10.1097/JOM.0000000000001538.


Background: This study describes the effects of common health conditions associated with absenteeism and presenteeism in a population-based sample of workers in Brazil.

Methods: Data were analyzed from the cross-sectional São Paulo Megacity Mental Health Survey on 1737 employed residents aged more than 18 years old conducted from 2005 to 2007.

Results: Physical diseases and mental disorders are highly prevalent among Brazilian workers. The prevalence of absenteeism was 12.8%, and the prevalence of presenteeism was 14.3%. The condition most commonly associated with work impairment was mood disorder.

Conclusions: Improving access to care and increasing detection and management of mental disorders should be a priority in Brazil. Occupational health programs and services can play a key role in increasing the productivity of the Brazilian workforce.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Absenteeism*
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Brazil / epidemiology
  • Cross-Sectional Studies
  • Female
  • Health Surveys
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Mental Disorders / epidemiology
  • Mental Disorders / psychology
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Diseases / epidemiology*
  • Occupational Diseases / psychology
  • Presenteeism / statistics & numerical data*
  • Prevalence
  • Self Report