Prevalence of obesity in India: A systematic review

Diabetes Metab Syndr. 2019 Jan-Feb;13(1):318-321. doi: 10.1016/j.dsx.2018.08.032. Epub 2018 Sep 21.


Recent studies have reported that globally, more than 1.9 billion adults are overweight and 650 million are obese. Approximately 2.8 million deaths are reported as a result of being overweight or obese. Due to the consumption of energy dense food (i.e. unhealthy food habits), sedentary life style, lack of health care services and financial support, the developing countries are facing high risk of obesity and their adverse consequences (i.e. diabetes, ischemic heart disease, etc). In India, more than 135 million individuals were affected by obesity. The prevalence of obesity in India varies due to age, gender, geographical environment, socio-economic status, etc. According to ICMR-INDIAB study 2015, prevalence rate of obesity and central obesity are varies from 11.8% to 31.3% and 16.9%-36.3% respectively. In India, abdominal obesity is one of the major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVDs). Various studies have shown that the prevalence of obesity among women were significantly higher as compared to men. Obesity is one of the main medical and financial burdens for the government. This problem of obesity can be preventable by spreading public awareness about obesity and its health consequences. Governmental agencies should promote the benefits of healthy life style, food habits and physical activity. The aim of this article is to report the prevalence of obesity in different regions of India and highlight the problem areas.

Keywords: Body mass index (BMI); Cardiovascular disease (CVD); Obesity; Overweight.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • India / epidemiology
  • Obesity / epidemiology*
  • Obesity / physiopathology
  • Prevalence