Aims: Diabetic nephropathy is one of the major microvascular complications of type 2 diabetes which insufficient vitamin D might -have a role in it's incidence. This study evaluated the effects of vitamin D supplementation on lipid profiles and oxidative/anti-oxidative indices in marginal vitamin D status patients with diabetic nephropathy.
Methods: For the current paralleled, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 50 diabetic nephropathy patients with marginal serum vitamin D were selected. Intervention group received 1,25-dihydroxycholecalciferol (50000 IU/week, n = 25), and placebo group (n = 25) received an identical placebo, for 8 weeks. Lipid profiles (LDL, HDL, TG and TC) and oxidative/anti-oxidative markers (TAC, SOD, CAT, GPX and MDA) were measured.
Results: Vitamin D supplementation significantly increased vitamin D status in the intervention group, compared to the control group (P = 0.001). The reductions in the serum levels of TG, LDL and TC were significant (P = 0.04, P = 0.006 and P = 0.02, respectively) in the intervention group. The changes in oxidative/anti-oxidative markers and HDL levels were not significant after intervention.
Conclusion: In conclusion, vitamin D supplementation for 8 weeks among diabetic nephropathy patients has beneficial effects on serum vitamin D status and dyslipidemia.
Keywords: Diabetes; Nephropathy; Vitamin D.
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