Autonomous Exploration for Radioactive Hotspots Localization Taking Account of Sensor Limitations

Sensors (Basel). 2019 Jan 12;19(2):292. doi: 10.3390/s19020292.


Effective radioactive hotspot localization and detection is limited by sensor characteristics (i.e., the long acquisition time and poor angular resolution AR of a gamma camera) that significantly degrade the performance of autonomous exploration in terms of the completion time and accuracy. The goal of this research is to study effective exploration algorithms that take into account these specific sensor limitations. These exploration algorithms are adapted and implemented based on behaviour-based and multi-criteria decision making MCDM approaches on an autonomous robot. The algorithms were also tested in simulation and validated by experiments performed on a real robot. According to the results, the algorithms demonstrate the ability to mitigate the unfavourable effects of the limitations.

Keywords: autonomous exploration; radioactive hotspots detection; remote sensors; safety; sensing systems; sensor limitations.