Aim: This research paper is aimed at designing a novel insulin alternative for the treatment of diabetes.
Materials & methods: Six novel vanadyl(II) compounds, [(AMP-2)(VO+2)(AA n -1)]·NH4 +1, were synthesized from an equimolar ratio of adenosine monophosphate, VOSO4 and amino acids (AA n ).
Results: The magnetic moments and electronic spectra revealed the square pyramidal geometrical structure of the complexes. In an in vivo study, the insulin levels, blood glucose levels, lipid profiles and histology of the pancreas and liver of the animals treated with the complexes were similar to those of healthy control animals, unlike the untreated and vanadyl sulfate(II)-treated diabetic ones.
Conclusion: The data gathered in the current research illustrated that vanadyl(II)-AMP-amino acid (AA) mixed-ligand complexes can function as antidiabetic agents.
Keywords: VO ion; adenosine monophosphate; amino acid; diabetes; insulin alternative; vanadium; vanadyl(II).