Sleep Medicine: Stroke and Sleep

Mo Med. Nov-Dec 2018;115(6):527-532.


Cerebrovascular disease encompassing both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes are among the leading causes of disability and mortality globally. The current evidence strongly suggests that identifying and addressing sleep disorders should be a part of both primary and secondary stroke prevention. Stroke and sleep are 'bedfellows' since sleep disorders, including sleep-disordered breathing, parasomnias, sleep-related movement disorders, insomnia, and hypersomnia are intimately intertwined with co-morbid cardiovascular conditions and increase stroke risk. Post-stroke sleep disorders also impact stroke rehabilitation, quality of life, and if left untreated can contribute to stroke recurrence.

MeSH terms

  • Circadian Rhythm / physiology
  • Humans
  • Quality of Life
  • Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders / etiology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / complications*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / physiopathology
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / prevention & control
  • Stroke / complications*
  • Stroke / physiopathology
  • Stroke / prevention & control