Previous failed hip arthroscopy negatively impacts early patient-reported outcomes of the periacetabular osteotomy: an ANCHOR Matched Cohort Study

J Hip Preserv Surg. 2018 Oct 16;5(4):370-377. doi: 10.1093/jhps/hny038. eCollection 2018 Dec.


Surgical treatment of hip dysplasia by arthroscopic procedures remains controversial. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes of periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) after failed hip arthroscopy to a matched-control group without previous arthroscopy. Fifty-two patients who underwent PAO after failed hip arthroscopy were matched to two subjects without arthroscopy based on age, sex, BMI and radiographic severity. Pre- and post-operative patient self-reported outcomes and radiographic parameters were compared at minimum 1-year follow-up. Prior to PAO the failed hip arthroscopy group exhibited lower modified Harris hip scores (mHHS; 57 versus 62; P = 0.04), WOMAC (59.9 versus 66.3; P = 0.08), UCLA activity (5 versus 7; P = 0.001) and SF12 physical scores (34 versus 40; P = 0.001) compared with the non-arthroscopy group. At minimum 1-year follow-up, the failed hip arthroscopy group had lower mHHS (78 versus 87; P = 0.003); worse WOMAC (84.1 versus 90.8; P = 0.02) and SF-12 physical component (46 versus 50; P = 0.02) with similar UCLA (7 versus 8; P = 0.21) compared with the non-arthroscopy group. No differences were detected regarding radiographic parameters or in patient-reported outcomes from preoperative to follow up. PAO achieved the desired radiographic correction and significant improvement in pain and function after a failed previous hip arthroscopy, however, the patient-reported outcomes were inferior to those of PAO without previous failed arthroscopy.