Aims: Between 15% and 20% of patients remain dissatisfied following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The SAIPH knee system (MatOrtho, Surrey, United Kingdom) is a medial ball and socket TKA that has been designed to replicate native knee kinematics in order to maximize the range of movement, stability, and function. This system is being progressively introduced in a stepwise fashion, with this study reporting the mid-term clinical and radiological outcomes.
Patients and methods: A retrospective review was undertaken of the first 100 consecutive patients with five-year follow-up following SAIPH TKA performed by the senior authors. The data that were collected included the demographics of the patients, clinical findings, the rate of intraoperative ligamentous release, patient-reported outcome measures (PROMS), radiological assessment, complications, and all-cause revision. Revision data were cross-checked with a national registry.
Results: A total of 100 TKAs in 92 patients were included. Three patients died (three TKAs) and a further two TKAs were revised. Of the remaining 95 TKAs, five-year follow-up data were available for 81 TKAs (85%) in 87 patients. There were significant improvements in all PROMs and high satisfaction. The mean ROM at final follow-up was from 0° (full extension) to 124° flexion. There were seven major complications (7%): one infection, two deep vein thromboses, one cerebrovascular event, and two patients with stiffness requiring a manipulation under anaesthesia. Two patients required a lateral retinacular release to optimize patellar tracking in valgus knees; no additional ligament releases were performed in any patient. Radiological analysis demonstrated no evidence of implant-related complications.
Conclusion: These results demonstrate satisfactory clinical and radiological outcomes at five years following a medial ball and socket TKA. The complication and revision rates are consistent with those previously reported for patients undergoing TKA. These results demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the SAIPH Knee TKA system and support its wider use.
Keywords: Medial ball and socket; Medial pivot; Medial rotation; Total knee arthroplasty.