Pediatric plexiform fibromyxoma: A PRISMA-compliant systematic literature review

Medicine (Baltimore). 2019 Jan;98(3):e14186. doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000014186.


Background: Plexiform fibromyxoma (PF) is a rare gastric mesenchymal tumor, with approximately 80 cases reported to date. Gastrointestinal stromal tumor, the most common primary mesenchymal tumor of the stomach, shows different biological and clinical characteristics between adult and pediatric patients.

Objectives: This systematic literature review was conducted to elucidate the pathological and clinical features of pediatric PF compared to adult PF.

Methods: MEDLINE (1948 to March 2018) and EMBASE (1947 to March 2018) were searched, and all English articles that reported clinical data on PF patients were identified. Two authors independently reviewed the articles and extracted data to assess immunohistochemistry, sex, chief complaint, tumor size, tumor-related mortality, and tumor recurrence and metastasis.

Results: A total of 41 reports with 80 PF patients (of whom 70 were adult PF and 10 were pediatric PF patients) confirmed by histological and immunohistochemical findings were included. Of a total of 80 tumors, 62 (78%) were located in the gastric antrum, 42 (65%) presented with ulceration, and 48 (74%) were resected by partial gastrectomy. Median tumor size of the resected specimen was larger in pediatric PF than in adult PF cases (5.3 cm vs 4.0 cm, P = .036). However, there was no difference between pediatric and adult PFs in immunohistochemical expression, sex predominance, chief complaint, tumor-related mortality, and tumor recurrence and metastasis during the follow-up periods.

Conclusion: Other than increased tumor growth in pediatric PFs, PF is a single disease entity with similar pathological features and benign clinical behavior regardless of onset age.

Publication types

  • Systematic Review

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Child
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Female
  • Fibroma / pathology*
  • Fibroma / surgery
  • Gastrectomy / methods
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / pathology*
  • Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors / surgery
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Stomach / pathology
  • Stomach Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Stomach Neoplasms / surgery