Difficulties and challenges in the development of precision medicine

Clin Genet. 2019 May;95(5):569-574. doi: 10.1111/cge.13511. Epub 2019 Feb 14.


The rapid development of precision medicine is introducing a new era of significance in medicine. However, attaining precision medicine is an ambitious goal that is bound to encounter some challenges. Here, we have put forward some difficulties or questions that should be addressed by the progress in this field. The proposed issues include the long road to precision medicine for all types of diseases as the unknown domains of the human genome hinder the development of precision medicine. The challenges in the acquisition and analysis of large amounts of omics data, including difficulties in the establishment of a library of biological samples and large-scale data analysis, as well as the challenges of informed consent and medical ethics in precision medicine, must be overcome to attain the goals of precision medicine. To date, precision medicine programs have accomplished many preliminary achievements and will help to drive a dramatic revolution in clinical practices for the medical community. Through these advances, the diagnosis and treatment of many diseases will achieve many breakthroughs. This project is just beginning and requires a great deal of time and money. Precision medicine also requires extensive collaboration. Ultimately, these difficulties can be overcome. We should realize that precision medicine is good for patients, but there is still a long way to go.

Keywords: diagnosis; disease; precision medicine; treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Ethics, Medical
  • Genome, Human
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Informed Consent
  • Precision Medicine* / ethics