Emergence and re-emergence of respiratory adenoviruses in the United States

Curr Opin Virol. 2019 Feb:34:63-69. doi: 10.1016/j.coviro.2018.12.004. Epub 2019 Jan 14.


Human adenoviruses (HAdVs) are prevalent causes of acute respiratory disease (ARD) in military and civilian communities. Over the last 20 years, collaborative efforts between US public health, military and academic laboratories have gathered comprehensive data documenting the emergence and re-emergence of specific HAdV types in association with outbreaks and unrelated cases of ARD, which have attracted national attention. New or reemerging HAdVs have included genomic variants of HAdV-B14, HAdV-B7, and HAdV-E4. Detailed molecular characterizations of virus strains are essential to understand the etiology and epidemiology of HAdV infections. The continuation of such studies is important for ongoing assessment of the national and global evolution of respiratory HAdVs and to inform decisions regarding antiviral drug and vaccine development and implementation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adenoviruses, Human / genetics
  • Adenoviruses, Human / pathogenicity*
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / epidemiology*
  • Communicable Diseases, Emerging / virology*
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Genome, Viral
  • Genomics
  • Humans
  • Military Personnel
  • Phylogeny
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / epidemiology
  • Respiratory Tract Infections / virology*
  • United States / epidemiology