We show that, in Triturus vulgaris meridionalis, sequences homologous to the rDNA "non-transcribed" spacer (NTS) are clustered at chromosomal loci where they are not associated with 18 S or 28 S rDNA genes: these sequences are referred to as the extra-ribosomal spacer sequences. Genomic clones containing such extra-ribosomal spacer sequences have been isolated. As shown by restriction mapping, these clones appear to consist mostly of repetitive BamHI fragments that are, in turn, internally repetitious and highly homologous to each other. The structure of the clones was confirmed by nucleotide sequence analysis, which also demonstrates the high degree of conservation between the BamHI elements and the homologous NTS sequences. An intriguing 12 base-pair homology between the extra-ribosomal spacer sequences and a Xenopus NTS enhancer sequence is reported. The possibility that a repetitive octanucleotide motif found within the BamHI elements could act as a recombination hotspot by virtue of its similarity with the Escherichia coli chi sequence is discussed.