Purpose: To determine whether the addition of phenylephrine 1.0%-ketorolac 0.3% (Omidria) to the irrigation solution during femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) reduces surgical time and the need for pupil expansion devices compared with the irrigation solution containing epinephrine.
Setting: Wake Forest Baptist Eye Center, Winston-Salem, North Carolina, USA.
Design: Retrospective case series.
Methods: Data were collected from consecutive patients. One group had epinephrine 1 μg/mL in the irrigating solution and the other group, had phenylephrine and ketorolac 4 mL added to 500 mL irrigation solution instead of epinephrine. All patients received preoperative topical bromfenac 2 days before surgery. The same surgeon performed all procedures using the same laser (Catalys) and operative conditions. Endpoints were surgical time and the use of pupil expansion devices.
Results: Data were collected from 200 consecutive patients, 100 in each group. Patient demographics, including a mean baseline pupil size of 7.1 mm, were similar between the groups. Mean surgical times were significantly reduced in the phenylephrine-ketorolac group versus the epinephrine group (8.1 minutes versus 9.4 minutes) (P = .007). When eyes requiring a pupil expansion device were eliminated, there was still a significant reduction in surgical time for phenylephrine-ketorolac versus epinephrine (8.1 minutes versus 9.0 minutes) (P = .018). Two eyes (2%) in the phenylephrine-ketorolac group and 12 eyes (12%) in the epinephrine group required a pupil expansion device (P = .009).
Conclusion: These data support the hypotheses that using phenylephrine and ketorolac reduces FLACS time and the need for pupil expansion devices.
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