Pyrroloquinoline Quinone Prevents Estrogen Deficiency-Induced Osteoporosis by Inhibiting Oxidative Stress and Osteocyte Senescence

Int J Biol Sci. 2019 Jan 1;15(1):58-68. doi: 10.7150/ijbs.25783. eCollection 2019.


Accumulating studies have shown that oxidative stress increases with aging, which is related to the pathophysiology of postmenopausal osteoporosis. Pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) is a natural anti-oxidant with anti-oxidative and anti-aging effects. However, it is unclear whether PQQ has a protective role against estrogen deficiency-induced osteoporosis. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of PQQ on bone mineral density, bone microarchitecture, bone turnover and biomechanical strength in ovariectomy (OVX)-induced osteoporosis mouse model. Although dietary PQQ supplement did not affect serum E2 levels and uterine weight in OVX mice, it could prevent OVX-induced bone loss and improve bone strength by inhibiting oxidative stress, osteocyte senescence and senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP), subsequently promoting osteoblastic bone formation and inhibiting osteoclastic bone resorption, which was comparable to treatment with exogenous estrogen. The results from our study provide experimental evidence for the clinical use of PQQ to prevent estrogen deficiency-induced osteoporosis.

Keywords: OVX-induced osteoporosis; PQQ; osteocyte senescence and SASP.; oxidative stress.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cellular Senescence / drug effects
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Estrogens / deficiency*
  • Female
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Osteocytes / drug effects
  • Osteocytes / metabolism
  • Osteoporosis / etiology*
  • Osteoporosis / metabolism
  • Osteoporosis / prevention & control*
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • PQQ Cofactor / therapeutic use*


  • Estrogens
  • PQQ Cofactor