Manufacturing personalized food for people uniqueness. An overview from traditional to emerging technologies

Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2020;60(7):1141-1159. doi: 10.1080/10408398.2018.1559796. Epub 2019 Jan 22.

Abstract

Personalized nutrition means that we are unique in the way to absorb and to metabolize nutrients as a consequence of our genetic profile and the microbiome that we host in the gut. With the terminology of Personalized Food Manufacturing we want not only to stress the idea of the capability to manufacture food meeting our unique nutritional needs but - based on the idea that eating is a global experience - also to broad this to meet additional personal requirements and expectations, i.e. taste, texture, color, aspect, etc. To address this aim, traditional and advances technologies will have to be employed in new ways and new technological solutions will have to be implemented. All these considerations motivated our paper by which we want to explore and to discuss the technological options having the potential to produce personalized food. After pointing out the main diet styles, firstly we have analyzed the modern approaches of agricultural and animal nutrition in use to manufacture food for narrow group of consumers. Secondly, we have explored emerging technologies at disposal employable to manufacture customized food that meet our uniqueness. Finally the most important market products belonging in the sector of personalized food production have been considered.

Keywords: Nutritional requirements; food design; market applications; personal expectation; sensorial properties; technologies.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Diet / economics*
  • Diet / methods*
  • Food Industry / economics
  • Food Preferences*
  • Food Supply / economics*
  • Humans
  • Individuality*
  • Nutritional Status
  • Taste