Lrp5 and Lrp6 are required for maintaining self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells

FASEB J. 2019 Apr;33(4):5615-5625. doi: 10.1096/fj.201802072R. Epub 2019 Jan 22.


Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) have the capacity for self-renewal to maintain the HSCs' pool and the ability for multilineage differentiation, which are responsible for sustained production of multiple blood lineages. The regulation of HSC development is controlled precisely by complex signal networks and hematopoietic microenvironment, which has been termed the HSCs' niche. The Wnt signaling pathway is one of a variety of signaling pathways that have been involved in HSC self-renewal and maintenance. Previous studies are indeterminant on the regulation of adult HSCs upon canonical Wnt signaling pathways because of the different experimental systems and models used. In this study, we generated the conditional knockout Wnt coreceptor low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5 (Lrp5) and low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 6 (Lrp6) mice in adult hematopoiesis via Vav-Cre Loxp system. Inactivation of Lrp5 and -6 in a hematopoietic system diminished the pool of HSCs, but there were no obvious defects in mature immune cells. Lrp5 and -6 double deficiency HSCs showed intrinsic defects in self-renewal and differentiation due to reduced proliferation and increased quiescence of the cell cycle. Analysis of HSC gene expression suggested that the quiescence regulators were significantly up-regulated, such as Egr1, Cdkn1a, Nr4a1, Gata2, Junb and Btg2, and the positive cell cycle regulators were correspondingly down-regulated, such as Ccna2 and Ranbp1. Taken together, we investigated the roles of Lrp5 and -6 in HSCs by functional and bioinformatic assays, and we demonstrated that Lrp5 and -6 are required for the self-renewal and differentiation of adult HSCs. The canonical Wnt pathway may contribute to maintaining the HSC pool and regulate the differentiation of adult HSCs by controlling cell cycle gene regulatory module.-Liu, J., Cui, Z., Wang, F., Yao, Y., Yu, G., Liu, J., Cao, D., Niu, S., You, M., Sun, Z., Lian, D., Zhao, T., Kang, Y., Zhao, Y., Xue, H.-H., Yu, S. Lrp5 and Lrp6 are required for maintaining self-renewal and differentiation of hematopoietic stem cells.

Keywords: Wnt signaling; cell cycle; development; lineage; reconstitution.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Cell Cycle / physiology
  • Cell Differentiation / physiology*
  • Down-Regulation / physiology
  • Hematopoiesis / physiology
  • Hematopoietic Stem Cells / metabolism*
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5 / metabolism*
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-6 / metabolism*
  • Mice
  • Stem Cell Niche / physiology
  • Wnt Proteins / metabolism
  • Wnt Signaling Pathway / physiology


  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-5
  • Low Density Lipoprotein Receptor-Related Protein-6
  • Lrp5 protein, mouse
  • Lrp6 protein, mouse
  • Wnt Proteins