Metabolic phenotyping is poised as a powerful and promising tool for biomarker discovery in inherited metabolic diseases. However, few studies applied this approach to mcopolysaccharidoses (MPS). Thus, this innovative functional approach may unveil comprehensive impairments in MPS biology. This study explores mcopolysaccharidosis VI (MPS VI) or Maroteaux⁻Lamy syndrome (OMIM #253200) which is an autosomal recessive lysosomal storage disease caused by the deficiency of arylsulfatase B enzyme. Urine samples were collected from 16 MPS VI patients and 66 healthy control individuals. Untargeted metabolomics analysis was applied using ultra-high-performance liquid chromatography combined with ion mobility and high-resolution mass spectrometry. Furthermore, dermatan sulfate, amino acids, carnitine, and acylcarnitine profiles were quantified using liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. Univariate analysis and multivariate data modeling were used for integrative analysis and discriminant metabolites selection. Pathway analysis was done to unveil impaired metabolism. The study revealed significant differential biochemical patterns using multivariate data modeling. Pathway analysis revealed that several major amino acid pathways were dysregulated in MPS VI. Integrative analysis of targeted and untargeted metabolomics data with in silico results yielded arginine-proline, histidine, and glutathione metabolism being the most affected. This study is one of the first metabolic phenotyping studies of MPS VI. The findings might shed light on molecular understanding of MPS pathophysiology to develop further MPS studies to enhance diagnosis and treatments of this rare condition.
Keywords: Maroteaux–Lamy syndrome; inherited metabolic diseases; lysosomal storage diseases; mass spectrometry; metabolomics; mucopolysaccharidosis type VI.