The Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol Scale in Veterans With PTSD: Convergent and Discriminant Relations With the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test

Assessment. 2020 Jun;27(4):719-727. doi: 10.1177/1073191118824661. Epub 2019 Jan 23.


In this study, we examined the validity of the Personality Assessment Inventory Alcohol (ALC) scale in 736 male veterans presenting for formal evaluation of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The ALC scale exhibited convergence with other measures of alcohol problems, and this convergence was similar for veterans with and without formal PTSD diagnosis. When predicting alcohol consumption via the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the ALC scale also displayed substantial incremental validity over the effects of demographics and MMPI-2 MacAndrew Alcohol Scale. Using a standard alcohol consumption cut score on the AUDIT, the ALC scale displayed good specificity and (generally) good sensitivity across three common cut scores. PTSD severity did not significantly affect the association between the ALC composite and alcohol consumption via the AUDIT. Taken together, results suggested that the ALC can provide valid assessment of alcohol use among treatment seeking veterans.

Keywords: PAI; PTSD; alcohol; validity; veterans.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Alcoholism*
  • Humans
  • MMPI
  • Male
  • Personality
  • Personality Assessment
  • Personality Inventory
  • Stress Disorders, Post-Traumatic* / diagnosis
  • Veterans*