There is a paucity of information on the unique components that pathogens use to form respiratory chains. It is not known why mycobacteria encode multiple succinate dehydrogenases (SDHs) to perform menaquinone-linked succinate oxidation, a thermodynamically unfavorable reaction (ΔG° = +21 kJ·mol-1 ). In other bacteria, specific di-heme SDHs overcome this using the proton motive force. It is unknown if this holds true in mycobacteria. Here, succinate dehydrogenase 1 (Sdh1) from Mycobacterium smegmatis was purified and found to not contain heme cofactors. Proteoliposomes, containing Sdh1, are active with coenzyme Q2 (Km ~ 12 μm), are competitively inhibited by menaquinone (Ki ~ 25 μm) and do not generate or consume electrochemical gradients. Sdh1 may use higher potential quinones in vivo and forms a novel SDH class, which we term 'Type F'.
Keywords: bioenergetics; metabolism; mycobacteria; quinone; succinate dehydrogenase; tuberculosis.
© 2019 Federation of European Biochemical Societies.