Identification of Suppressor of Clathrin Deficiency-1 ( SCD1) and Its Connection to Clathrin-Mediated Endocytosis in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

G3 (Bethesda). 2019 Mar 7;9(3):867-877. doi: 10.1534/g3.118.200782.


Clathrin is a major coat protein involved in vesicle formation during endocytosis and transport in the endosomal/trans Golgi system. Clathrin is required for normal growth of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) and in some genetic backgrounds deletion of the clathrin heavy chain gene (CHC1) is lethal. Our lab defined a locus referred to as " s uppressor of c lathrin d eficiency" (SCD1). In the presence of the scd1-v allele ("v" - viable), yeast cells lacking clathrin heavy chain survive but grow slowly, are morphologically abnormal and have many membrane trafficking defects. In the presence of scd1-i ("i"- inviable), chc1∆ causes lethality. As a strategy to identify SCD1, we used pooled linkage analysis and whole genome sequencing. Here, we report that PAL2 (YHR097C) is the SCD1 locus. pal2∆ is synthetic lethal with chc1∆; whereas a deletion of its paralog, PAL1, is not synthetic lethal with clathrin deficiency. Like Pal1, Pal2 has two NPF motifs that are potential binding sites for EH domain proteins such as the early endocytic factor Ede1, and Pal2 associates with Ede1 Also, GFP-tagged Pal2p localizes to cortical patches containing other immobile phase endocytic coat factors. Overall, our data show that PAL2 is the SCD1 locus and the Pal2 protein has characteristics of an early factor involved in clathrin-mediated endocytosis.

Keywords: Clathrin; endocytosis; membrane trafficking; pooled linkage analysis.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural

MeSH terms

  • Clathrin*
  • Endocytosis*
  • Genetic Loci*
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / genetics
  • Receptors, Cell Surface / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / metabolism*
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae / physiology
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / genetics
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins / metabolism*
  • Whole Genome Sequencing


  • Clathrin
  • Ede1 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Rim21 protein, S cerevisiae
  • Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins

Associated data

  • figshare/10.25387/g3.7582868