The impact of lifestyle factors on evolution of atopic dermatitis: An alternative approach

Exp Ther Med. 2019 Feb;17(2):1078-1084. doi: 10.3892/etm.2018.6980. Epub 2018 Nov 16.


Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a multifactorial chronic inflammatory disease with an incompletely understood etiopathogenesis. With a significant impact on the quality of life of patients, AD has attracted the interest of many research studies aiming to investigate the complex cellular and molecular mechanisms and to identify new therapeutic pathways. Various studies have focused on psycho-immunology, emphasizing the involvement of stress, defined as a general response of the body to external or internal challenges to the AD pathology. Factors like lifestyle and leisure activities may change the behavior of immune cells in AD with a strong impact on the evolution of the disease. Moreover, the poor adherence of AD patient to standard treatment approach has led to the necessity to combine different therapies in the field of complementary and alternative medicine. Although there are still not enough data to conclude that adjuvant therapies are effective in a conventional sense, there are already promising results suggesting that alternative therapeutic strategies could be a main subject of further research.

Keywords: atopic dermatitis; diet; lifestyle; microbioma; neuroendocrine factors; psychoneuroimmunology; stress.

Publication types

  • Review