nc886, a long non-coding RNA (ncRNA) of 101 nucleotides in length, is known as a vault RNA or microRNA precursor. Despite the recent discovery that ncRNAs in the nucleus play a crucial role in regulating chromosomal transformation and transcription, only a few studies have focused on the function of ncRNAs in the cytoplasm, such as nc886. Several studies have investigated the function of nc886 as a suppressor of carcinogenesis and inflammation in different cancer cell types; however, its role in the skin has yet to be clearly elucidated. The two RNA binding sites for protein kinase RNA-activated (PKR) are located in the central region of the stable structure of nc886, which competes with other double-stranded RNA species. Successful binding results in decreased PKR activity. Among changes in skin cells induced by ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation, nc886 expression decreases, whereas PKR phosphorylation via mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) increases. Reduced nc886 expression leads to uncontrolled PKR activity and increases in the expression of inflammatory cytokines, matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9), type IV collagenase, and cyclooxygenase (COX-2), which ultimately accelerate inflammatory responses and skin aging. The present study investigated the regulatory mechanism associated with PKR activity and nc886-PKR binding in skin cell aging and inflammation. These results suggest a role for nc886 in controlling photoaging and inflammation in skin cells.
Keywords: Inflammatory mediators; Keratinocytes; PKR signaling; Skin aging; UVB; nc886.
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