Pattern and predictors of medical care received by hepatitis B carriers during pregnancy and after delivery

Public Health. 2019 Mar;168:36-42. doi: 10.1016/j.puhe.2018.12.008. Epub 2019 Jan 24.

Abstract

Objective: The objective of the study is to evaluate the pattern and predictors of medical care received by hepatitis B virus (HBV) carriers during pregnancy and after delivery in Hong Kong.

Study design: The study is a retrospective analysis.

Methods: Pregnant HBV carriers and their infants were followed up for 9-12 months after delivery. Face-to-face interviews were conducted to investigate what medical care they received for HBV before, during and after pregnancy.

Results: Data were available for 412 HBV carriers. A total of 375 (91.0%) women were known HBV carriers before pregnancy. Routine antenatal screening picked out the remaining 37 (9.0%) HBV carriers; these women were younger, more likely to be smokers and had a lower level of education (P < 0.05) than known HBV carriers. In total, 356 of 412 (86.4%) HBV carriers did not receive any medical care for HBV during pregnancy. Known HBV carrier status, history of medical check-up and the use of antiviral treatment before pregnancy were significant predictors for HBV medical care during pregnancy (P < 0.05). The results show that 217 of 412 (52.6%) HBV carriers did not receive medical care for HBV after delivery. HBV medical care before pregnancy, use of antiviral treatment before pregnancy and a higher level of education were significant predictors for postpartum HBV medical care (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis showed that HBV medical care before pregnancy (odds ratio [OR], 7.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.21-18.65; P < 0.001) and the use of antiviral treatment (OR, 5.02; 95% CI, 1.41-17.81; P = 0.013) were associated with medical care during pregnancy. Medical care before pregnancy was also associated with postpartum HBV medical care (OR, 5.05; 95% CI, 3.29-7.51; P < 0.001).

Conclusions: A significant proportion of HBV carriers did not receive HBV-related medical check-ups during and after pregnancy in Hong Kong despite the majority being aware of their carrier status. Medical care before pregnancy predicted antenatal and postpartum HBV medical care.

Keywords: Hepatitis B virus; Infection; Infectious disease transmission; Pregnancy; Vertical.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Antiviral Agents / therapeutic use*
  • Carrier State / drug therapy*
  • Female
  • Hepatitis B / drug therapy*
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens / isolation & purification
  • Hong Kong
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Infectious Disease Transmission, Vertical / prevention & control*
  • Postnatal Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / drug therapy*
  • Prenatal Care / statistics & numerical data*
  • Retrospective Studies

Substances

  • Antiviral Agents
  • Hepatitis B Surface Antigens