Autoinflammatory diseases: State of the art

Presse Med. 2019 Feb;48(1 Pt 2):e25-e48. doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2018.12.003. Epub 2019 Jan 24.


Autoinflammatory diseases are characterized by innate immunity abnormalities. In autoinflammatory diseases (AID), inflammatory blood biomarkers are elevated during crisis without infection and usually without autoantibodies. The first 4 described AID were familial Mediterranean fever, cryopyrin-associated periodic fever syndrome (CAPS) or NLRP3-associated autoinflammatory disease (NRLP3-AID), mevalonate kinase deficiency (MKD) and TNFRSF1A-receptor associated periodic fever syndrome (TRAPS). Since their description 20 years ago, and with the progresses of genetic analysis, many new diseases have been discovered; some with recurrent fever, others with predominant cutaneous symptoms or even immune deficiency. After describing the 4 historical recurrent fevers, some polygenic inflammatory diseases will also be shortly described such as Still disease and periodic fever with adenitis, pharyngitis and aphtous (PFAPA) syndrome. To better explore AID, some key anamnesis features are crucial such as the family tree, the age at onset, crisis length and organs involved in the clinical symptoms. An acute phase response is mandatory in crisis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Disease Management
  • Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases* / classification
  • Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases* / epidemiology
  • Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases* / genetics
  • Hereditary Autoinflammatory Diseases* / physiopathology
  • Humans
  • Phenotype