Forensic gait analysis - Morphometric assessment from surveillance footage

Forensic Sci Int. 2019 Mar;296:57-66. doi: 10.1016/j.forsciint.2019.01.007. Epub 2019 Jan 19.

Abstract

Following the technological rise of surveillance cameras and their subsequent proliferation in public places, the use of information gathered by such means for investigative and evaluative purposes sparked a large interest in the forensic community and within policing scenarios. In particular, it is suggested that analysis of the body, especially the assessment of gait characteristics, can provide useful information to aid the investigation. This paper discusses the influences upon gait to mitigate some of the limitations of surveillance footage, including those due to the varying anatomical differences between individuals. Furthermore, the differences between various techniques applied to assess gait are discussed, including biometric gait recognition, forensic gait analysis, tracking technology, and marker technology. This review article discusses the limitations of the current methods for assessment of gait; exposing gaps within the literature in regard to various influences impacting upon the gait cycle. Furthermore, it suggests a 'morphometric' technique to enhance the available procedures to potentially facilitate the development of standardised protocols with supporting statistics and database. This in turn will provide meaningful information to forensic investigation, intelligence-gathering processes, and potentially as an additional method of forensic evaluation of evidence.

Keywords: Gait analysis; Morphometric assessment; Surveillance footage.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Biometric Identification / methods*
  • Forensic Sciences / legislation & jurisprudence
  • Forensic Sciences / methods*
  • Gait Analysis*
  • Humans
  • Image Processing, Computer-Assisted
  • Lower Extremity / anatomy & histology
  • Lower Extremity / physiology
  • Video Recording*