Development of a self-administered questionnaire to measure women's knowledge of prenatal screening and diagnostic tests

J Psychosom Res. 1988;32(4-5):403-8. doi: 10.1016/0022-3999(88)90023-2.


A prerequisite to an informed decision to undergo any screening or diagnostic test is knowledge about such a test. This study describes the development of a self-administered questionnaire to measure knowledge of prenatal tests, for use in studies concerning the uptake of these tests. Both the reliability (internal and test-retest) and predictive validity are evaluated. Validity is assessed in two studies: first, comparison is made between three criterion groups (two with experience of pregnancy, one without); and second, scores on the questionnaire are compared before and after women have been provided with information about possible tests. The results show this to be both a reliable and valid measure of knowledge about prenatal tests. The results also highlight aspects of knowledge that are lacking. For example, a sizeable minority of women were uncertain or incorrect in identifying which tests they had undergone in a recent pregnancy.

MeSH terms

  • Amniocentesis / psychology
  • Attitude to Health*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Patient Education as Topic*
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Complications / psychology*
  • Prenatal Diagnosis / methods*
  • Prospective Studies
  • Psychological Tests*
  • Spina Bifida Occulta / prevention & control