Multimethod Assessment of Attention, Executive Functions, and Motor Skills in Children With and Without ADHD: Children's Performance and Parents' Perceptions

J Atten Disord. 2021 Feb;25(4):596-606. doi: 10.1177/1087054718824985. Epub 2019 Jan 30.


Objective: We examined whether children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) differ from children without ADHD in attention, executive functions, and motor skills and whether measures of parents' perceptions and children's performance reveal comparable results. Method: About 52 children with ADHD and 52 children without ADHD aged 6 to 13 years completed performance-based measures of attention, executive functions, and motor skills. Parents completed questionnaires to rate their children's skills. Results: Parent questionnaires but not performance-based measures revealed higher inattention and lower executive function skills in children with ADHD compared to controls. For motor skills, both measurement methods revealed lower mean values and a higher number of children showing an impairment in the ADHD group. Parent-reported difficulties but not performance-based measures were related to the presence of an ADHD diagnosis. Conclusion: Our findings suggest that considering both parent questionnaires and performance-based measures will lead to a comprehensive picture of a child's strengths and difficulties.

Keywords: ADHD; executive functions; motor skills; parent questionnaires; performance-based measures.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Attention
  • Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity*
  • Child
  • Executive Function
  • Humans
  • Motor Skills
  • Parents
  • Perception