Rationale: Histone post-translational modifications (PTMs) play key roles in regulating eukaryotic gene expression. Mass spectrometry (MS) has emerged as a powerful method to characterize and quantify histone PTMs as it allows unbiased identification and quantification of multiple histone PTMs including combinations of the modifications present.
Methods: In this study we compared a range of data-acquisition methods for the identification and quantification of the histone PTMs using a Q Exactive HF Orbitrap. We compared three different data-dependent analysis (DDA) methods with MS2 resolutions of 120K, 60K, 30K. We also compared a range of data-independent analysis (DIA) methods using MS2 isolation windows of 20 m/z and DIAvw to identify and quantify histone PTMs in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cells.
Results: The increased number of MS2 scans afforded by the lower resolution methods resulted in a higher number of queries, peptide sequence matches (PSMs) and a higher number of peptide proteoforms identified with a Mascot Ion score greater than 46. No difference in the proportion of peptide proteoforms with Delta scores >17 was observed. Lower coefficients of variation (CVs) were obtained in the DIA MS1 60 K MS2 30 K 20 m/z isolation windows compared with the other data-acquisition methods.
Conclusions: We observed that DIA which offers advantages in flexibility and identification of isobaric peptide proteoforms performs as well as DDA in the analysis of histone PTMs. We were able to identify 71 modified histone peptides for histone H3 and H4 and quantified 64 across each of the different acquisition methods.
© 2019 The Authors Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.