Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a cluster of factors associated with high risk of initiation of cardiovascular diseases, of diabetes of the 2nd type, total and cardiovascular mortality. The prevalence of MS in the general population averages 10-25%, varying depending on the region of the world from 3 to 71.7%. Two recent large meta-analysis found an inverse relationship between risk of MS and consumption of dietary fiber. Great prospects have dietary fiber for the maintenance of individual MS components. The review of modern literature presents cohort studies and randomized controlled trials, including generalized meta-analyses and systematic reviews, indicating the impact of soluble high-viscosity gel-forming, non-fermentable dietary fiber-psyllium on the weight of visceral fat, achieving metabolic control, including correction of disorders of carbohydrate, lipid, purine metabolism and regulation of blood pressure.
Keywords: dietary fibers; metabolic syndrome; psyllium.