Integrating an Ontology of Radiology Differential Diagnosis with ICD-10-CM, RadLex, and SNOMED CT

J Digit Imaging. 2019 Apr;32(2):206-210. doi: 10.1007/s10278-019-00186-3.


An ontology offers a human-readable and machine-computable representation of the concepts in a domain and the relationships among them. Mappings between ontologies enable the reuse and interoperability of biomedical knowledge. We sought to map concepts of the Radiology Gamuts Ontology (RGO), an ontology that links diseases and imaging findings to support differential diagnosis in radiology, to terms in three key vocabularies for clinical radiology: the International Classification of Diseases, version 10, Clinical Modification (ICD-10-CM), the Radiological Society of North America's radiology lexicon (RadLex), and the Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine Clinical Terms (SNOMED CT). RGO (version 0.7; Jan 2018) incorporated 16,918 terms (classes) for diseases, interventions, and imaging observations linked by 1782 subsumption (class-subclass) relations and 55,569 causal ("may cause") relations. RGO classes were mapped to RadLex (46,656 classes, version 3.15), SNOMED CT (347,358 classes, version 2018AA), and ICD-10-CM (94,645 classes, version 2018AA) using the National Center for Biomedical Ontology (NCBO) Annotator web service. We identified 1275 exact mappings from RGO to RadLex, 5302 to SNOMED CT, and 941 to ICD-10-CM. RGO terms mapped to one ontology (n = 3401), two ontologies (n = 1515), or all three ontologies (n = 198). The mapped ontologies provide additional terms to support data mining from textual information in the electronic health record. The current work builds on efforts to map RGO to ontologies of diseases and phenotypes. Mappings between ontologies can support automated knowledge discovery, diagnostic reasoning, and data mining.

Keywords: Differential diagnosis; Gamuts; ICD; Ontology; RadLex; Radiology; SNOMED.

MeSH terms

  • Biological Ontologies*
  • Diagnosis, Differential
  • Diagnostic Imaging*
  • Humans
  • International Classification of Diseases*
  • Internet
  • Societies, Medical
  • Systematized Nomenclature of Medicine*