Predictive Numerical Simulations of Double Branch Stent-Graft Deployment in an Aortic Arch Aneurysm

Ann Biomed Eng. 2019 Apr;47(4):1051-1062. doi: 10.1007/s10439-019-02215-2. Epub 2019 Jan 31.


Total endovascular repair of the aortic arch represents a promising option for patients ineligible to open surgery. Custom-made design of stent-grafts (SG), such as the Terumo Aortic® RelayBranch device (DB), requires complex preoperative measures. Accurate SG deployment is required to avoid intraoperative or postoperative complications, which is extremely challenging in the aortic arch. In that context, our aim is to develop a computational tool able to predict SG deployment in such highly complex situations. A patient-specific case is performed with complete deployment of the DB and its bridging stents in an aneurysmal aortic arch. Deviations of our simulation predictions from actual stent positions are estimated based on post-operative scan and a sensitivity analysis is performed to assess the effects of material parameters. Results show a very good agreement between simulations and post-operative scan, with especially a torsion effect, which is successfully reproduced by our simulation. Relative diameter, transverse and longitudinal deviations are of 3.2 ± 4.0%, 2.6 ± 2.9 mm and 5.2 ± 3.5 mm respectively. Our numerical simulations show their ability to successfully predict the DB deployment in complex anatomy. The results emphasize the potential of computational simulations to assist practitioners in planning and performing complex and secure interventions.

Keywords: Aortic endograft; Computational biomechanics; Endovascular surgery; Finite-element analysis; Patient-specific model; Thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair.

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aorta, Thoracic* / diagnostic imaging
  • Aorta, Thoracic* / physiopathology
  • Aorta, Thoracic* / surgery
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / diagnostic imaging
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / physiopathology
  • Aortic Aneurysm, Thoracic / surgery
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis Implantation*
  • Blood Vessel Prosthesis*
  • Computer Simulation
  • Endovascular Procedures*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Models, Cardiovascular*
  • Prosthesis Design
  • Stents*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed