HIV Prevention Interventions for Adolescents

Curr HIV/AIDS Rep. 2019 Feb;16(1):120-128. doi: 10.1007/s11904-019-00431-y.


Purpose of review: The goal of this paper is to review recent data on biomedical, behavioral, and structural HIV prevention interventions for adolescents and young adults.

Recent findings: While it is accepted that HIV prevention interventions must take an integrated approach to achieve maximum effectiveness, to date, there have been limited, rigorously evaluated combination prevention interventions for adolescents. There are currently a range of effective biomedical, behavioral, and structural approaches that can be integrated into prevention packages to address the prevention needs of adolescents, including oral PrEP, male circumcision, rapid HIV testing, numerous behavioral interventions, and structural interventions such as cash transfers and community mobilization to address gender-based violence. There is still a need for rigorously evaluated, innovative combination prevention packages for adolescents. Prevention approaches must take into account the context of young people's lives and address the multiple levels of influence on their lives including parents, partners, and communities.

Keywords: Adolescents; HIV/AIDS; Prevention; Young adults.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Behavior Therapy / methods*
  • Delivery of Health Care / methods*
  • Early Intervention, Educational / methods*
  • Early Medical Intervention / methods*
  • Female
  • HIV Infections / prevention & control*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Sexual Partners
  • Violence
  • Young Adult