Lipopolysaccharide impacts murine CD103+ DC differentiation, altering the lung DC population balance

Eur J Immunol. 2019 Apr;49(4):638-652. doi: 10.1002/eji.201847910. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Abstract

Conventional DCs are a heterogeneous population that bridge the innate and adaptive immune systems. The lung DC population comprises CD103+ XCR1+ DC1s and CD11b+ DC2s; their various combined functions cover the whole spectrum of immune responses needed to maintain homeostasis. Here, we report that in vivo exposure to LPS leads to profound alterations in the proportions of CD103+ XCR1+ DCs in the lung. Using ex vivo LPS and TNF stimulations of murine lung and spleen-isolated DCs, we show that this is partly due to a direct downregulation of the GM-CSF-induced DC CD103 expression. Furthermore, we demonstrate that LPS-induced systemic inflammation alters the transcriptional signature of DC precursors toward a lower capacity to differentiate into XCR1+ DCs. Also, we report that TNF prevents the capacity of pre-DCs to express CD103 upon maturation. Overall, our results indicate that exposure to LPS directly impacts the capacity of pre-DCs to differentiate into XCR1+ DCs, in addition to lowering their capacity to express CD103. This leads to decreased proportions of CD103+ XCR1+ DCs in the lung, favoring CD11b+ DCs, which likely plays a role in the break in homeostasis following LPS exposure, and in determining the nature of the immune response to LPS.

Keywords: homeostasis; inflammation; lipopolysaccharide; mouse; neutrophils.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antigens, CD / genetics
  • Antigens, CD / metabolism*
  • Biomarkers
  • Bone Marrow / immunology
  • Bone Marrow / metabolism
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dendritic Cells / drug effects
  • Dendritic Cells / immunology*
  • Dendritic Cells / metabolism*
  • Gene Expression
  • Immunophenotyping
  • Inflammation Mediators / metabolism
  • Integrin alpha Chains / genetics
  • Integrin alpha Chains / metabolism*
  • Lipopolysaccharides / immunology*
  • Lung / immunology*
  • Lung / metabolism*
  • Lung / pathology
  • Mice
  • Pneumonia / etiology
  • Pneumonia / metabolism
  • Pneumonia / pathology
  • Signal Transduction / drug effects
  • Tumor Necrosis Factors / pharmacology

Substances

  • Antigens, CD
  • Biomarkers
  • Inflammation Mediators
  • Integrin alpha Chains
  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Tumor Necrosis Factors
  • alpha E integrins

Grant support