Understanding Patients' Behavior: Vision-Based Analysis of Seizure Disorders

IEEE J Biomed Health Inform. 2019 Nov;23(6):2583-2591. doi: 10.1109/JBHI.2019.2895855. Epub 2019 Jan 29.

Abstract

A substantial proportion of patients with functional neurological disorders (FND) are being incorrectly diagnosed with epilepsy because their semiology resembles that of epileptic seizures (ES). Misdiagnosis may lead to unnecessary treatment and its associated complications. Diagnostic errors often result from an overreliance on specific clinical features. Furthermore, the lack of electrophysiological changes in patients with FND can also be seen in some forms of epilepsy, making diagnosis extremely challenging. Therefore, understanding semiology is an essential step for differentiating between ES and FND. Existing sensor-based and marker-based systems require physical contact with the body and are vulnerable to clinical situations such as patient positions, illumination changes, and motion discontinuities. Computer vision and deep learning are advancing to overcome these limitations encountered in the assessment of diseases and patient monitoring; however, they have not been investigated for seizure disorder scenarios. Here, we propose and compare two marker-free deep learning models, a landmark-based and a region-based model, both of which are capable of distinguishing between seizures from video recordings. We quantify semiology by using either a fusion of reference points and flow fields, or through the complete analysis of the body. Average leave-one-subject-out cross-validation accuracies for the landmark-based and region-based approaches of 68.1% and 79.6% in our dataset collected from 35 patients, reveal the benefit of video analytics to support automated identification of semiology in the challenging conditions of a hospital setting.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Deep Learning
  • Epilepsy / diagnostic imaging*
  • Humans
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Monitoring, Physiologic / methods*
  • Video Recording / methods*