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. 2019 Jun;24(3):421-429.
doi: 10.1007/s40519-019-00648-1. Epub 2019 Feb 4.

Compulsive Eating Behaviors in Parkinson's Disease

Affiliations

Compulsive Eating Behaviors in Parkinson's Disease

Ingrid de Chazeron et al. Eat Weight Disord. .

Abstract

Purpose: Eating disorders are common in Parkinson's disease (PD) patients and often class in Impulse control disorders, however, little is known about their phenomenology. Specific symptoms and comorbidities were described in a group of PD patients in this preliminary study.

Methods: Over a period of 6 months, 51 PD patients who experienced significant changes in eating habits following diagnosis of PD and were interviewed during regularly scheduled follow-up visits. We assessed each patient's height and weight, impulsivity, psychological distress, current eating disorder symptoms, food addiction, food habits and craving.

Results: Among the PD patients who experienced modified dietary habits following diagnosis, few exhibited binge eating disorders (BED) full criteria (3.9%). However, 21.6% of patients experienced episodes of out-of-control eating with a large quantity of food in short time and 39.2% satisfied food addiction (FA) criteria without binge eating disorder. Food cravings more than once a week were experienced in approximately half of the population including all FA patients. Regarding comorbidities, FA PD patients present impulsive features and anxiety.

Conclusions: This study confirms the existence of FA profile in PD patients. Eating disorders even in PD are complex and have a cross-cutting criteria related to out-of-control eating, FA, and BED. The association of anxiety with PD-related food addiction, contrary to L-dopa equivalent daily dose mean score or the presence of dopamine agonists, underline the complex sustainability of the dopaminergic brainstem support. A study on their detailed prevalence in this population could be helpful to better understand unspecified feeding or eating disorder.

Clinical trial number: DR-2012-007.

Name of the registry: French Committee for the Protection of Persons (CPP) & French National Commission on Computing and Liberty (CNIL).

Level of evidence: Level V, descriptive study.

Keywords: Eating disorders; Food addiction; Parkinson’s disease; Psychiatry.

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