Ceftaroline fosamil therapy in patients with acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infections with systemic inflammatory signs: A retrospective dose comparison across three pivotal trials

Int J Antimicrob Agents. 2019 Jun;53(6):830-837. doi: 10.1016/j.ijantimicag.2019.01.016. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

Abstract

This post-hoc analysis compared the pharmacokinetics and clinical outcomes of ceftaroline fosamil 600 mg every 12 (q12h) versus every 8 hours (q8h) in patients with acute bacterial skin and skin-structure infection (ABSSSI) and signs of sepsis. Clinical outcomes at test-of-cure in patients with ABSSSI and systemic inflammatory signs/systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) as well as ceftaroline minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) against baseline pathogens were compared between the COVERS trial (ceftaroline fosamil 600 mg q8h, 2-h infusion) and the CANVAS 1 and 2 trials (ceftaroline fosamil 600 mg q12h, 1-h infusion). Ceftaroline exposure among patients in COVERS with or without markers of sepsis was compared using population pharmacokinetic modelling. In COVERS, 62% (312/506) and 41% (208/506) of ceftaroline fosamil-treated patients had ≥1 systemic inflammatory sign or SIRS, respectively, compared with 55% (378/693) and 22% (155/693), respectively, in the CANVAS trials. Clinical cure rates for the modified intent-to-treat population in COVERS and CANVAS were similar for ceftaroline fosamil-treated patients with ≥1 sign of sepsis [82% (255/312) and 85% (335/394)] and for those with SIRS [84% (168/199) and 85% (131/155)]. Ceftaroline MIC distributions were similar across trials. Sepsis did not affect predicted individual steady-state ceftaroline exposure. Clinical cure rates in patients with ≥1 systemic inflammatory sign or SIRS were comparable for both ceftaroline fosamil dosage regimens. Pathogen susceptibilities to ceftaroline were similar across trials. Ceftaroline exposure was not affected by disease severity. Ceftaroline fosamil 600 mg q12h is a robust dosage regimen for most ABSSSI patients with sepsis [ClinicalTrials.gov ID: NCT01499277, NCT00424190, NCT00423657].

Keywords: Ceftaroline fosamil; Clinical trial; Sepsis; Skin and soft-tissue infection.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Multicenter Study

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / administration & dosage*
  • Anti-Bacterial Agents / pharmacokinetics
  • Bacteria / drug effects
  • Bacteria / isolation & purification
  • Cephalosporins / administration & dosage*
  • Cephalosporins / pharmacokinetics
  • Clinical Trials, Phase III as Topic
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Microbial Sensitivity Tests
  • Middle Aged
  • Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial / complications*
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial / drug therapy*
  • Skin Diseases, Bacterial / pathology
  • Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome / drug therapy*
  • Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome / pathology
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Anti-Bacterial Agents
  • Cephalosporins
  • ceftaroline fosamil

Associated data

  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT01499277
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00424190
  • ClinicalTrials.gov/NCT00423657