Heart failure is a heterogeneous clinical syndrome stemming from cardiac overload and injury that leads to considerable morbidity and mortality. This review highlights the many faces of heart failure, a major and growing public health problem, including its causes, classification, underlying pathophysiology, and variable progression. An individualized, patient-centered treatment approach that focuses on guideline-directed pharmacologic and device therapies is required for optimal management of this complex syndrome.
Keywords: Cardiomyopathy; Heart disease; Heart failure; Systolic dysfunction.
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