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The Effect of an Animation Video on Consultation Time, Anxiety and Satisfaction in Women With Abnormal Cervical Cytology: Animation Video Reduces Colposcopy Time

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The Effect of an Animation Video on Consultation Time, Anxiety and Satisfaction in Women With Abnormal Cervical Cytology: Animation Video Reduces Colposcopy Time

Tirza Wouters et al. Prev Med Rep.

Abstract

The objective was to assess whether supplementing hospital-dependent standard information with a hospital-independent animation video might reduce consultation time, pre-colposcopy anxiety levels and increase post-colposcopy satisfaction. Between November 2016 and May 2018, women were included if they were referred to the department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology in one of the three participating hospitals in the Netherlands due to an abnormal cervical smear. Exclusion criteria were colposcopy in the medical history or inability to understand, speak or read Dutch. Two consecutive cohorts were created: a control group that received standard information and an intervention group that received the same plus the animation video. Outcome measures were consultation time, pre-colposcopy anxiety level and post-colposcopy satisfaction. Consultation time was measured using stopwatch. Anxiety was measured using the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Satisfaction was measured with the Patient's Experience and Attitude Colposcopy Eindhoven questionnaire (PEACE-q). In total, 122 women were included, 61 in each group. Baseline characteristics were similar between the two groups. Pre-colposcopy consultation time was significantly reduced in the intervention group (median 140 s) compared to the control group (median 269 s). However, overall consultation time was not reduced. The outcome measures anxiety and satisfaction were not significantly different. A hospital-independent animation video did significantly reduced pre-colposcopy consultation time but did not reduce anxiety or increase satisfaction in women with abnormal cervical cytology. Further research should focus on the effects of animation video in a primary care setting.

Keywords: Anxiety; Atypical squamous cells of the cervix; Audiovisual aids; Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia; Colposcopy; GOCZ, Gynaecological Oncology Centre South; Netherlands; PEACE-q, Patient's Experience and Attitude Colposcopy Eindhoven questionnaire; Personal satisfaction; Squamous intraepithelial lesions of the cervix.

Figures

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Fig. 1
Flowchart: from eligibility to data analysis. Imputation in: percentage of missing data per questionnaire.

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