Detection of Epidemic Scarlet Fever Group A Streptococcus in Australia

Clin Infect Dis. 2019 Sep 13;69(7):1232-1234. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz099.


Sentinel hospital surveillance was instituted in Australia to detect the presence of pandemic group A Streptococcus strains causing scarlet fever. Genomic and phylogenetic analyses indicated the presence of an Australian GAS emm12 scarlet fever isolate related to United Kingdom outbreak strains. National surveillance to monitor this pandemic is recommended.

Keywords: Steptococcus pyogenes; outbreak; scarlet fever; superantigen.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Australia / epidemiology
  • Computational Biology / methods
  • Disease Outbreaks
  • Genome, Bacterial
  • Genomics / methods
  • Humans
  • Phylogeny
  • Population Surveillance
  • Scarlet Fever / diagnosis
  • Scarlet Fever / epidemiology*
  • Scarlet Fever / microbiology*
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / classification*
  • Streptococcus pyogenes / genetics*