We investigate the global dynamics of a general Kermack-McKendrick-type epidemic model formulated in terms of a system of renewal equations. Specifically, we consider a renewal model for which both the force of infection and the infected removal rates are arbitrary functions of the infection age, [Formula: see text], and use the direct Lyapunov method to establish the global asymptotic stability of the equilibrium solutions. In particular, we show that the basic reproduction number, [Formula: see text], represents a sharp threshold parameter such that for [Formula: see text], the infection-free equilibrium is globally asymptotically stable; whereas the endemic equilibrium becomes globally asymptotically stable when [Formula: see text], i.e. when it exists.
Keywords: Global stability; Kermack–McKendrick; Lyapunov; Renewal.