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. 2019 Apr;4(4):675-682.
doi: 10.1038/s41564-018-0356-7. Epub 2019 Feb 11.

Adeno-associated Virus 2 Bound to Its Cellular Receptor AAVR

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Adeno-associated Virus 2 Bound to Its Cellular Receptor AAVR

Ran Zhang et al. Nat Microbiol. .

Abstract

Adeno-associated virus (AAV) is a leading vector for virus-based gene therapy. The receptor for AAV (AAVR; also named KIAA0319L) was recently identified, and the precise characterization of AAV-AAVR recognition is in immediate demand. Taking advantage of a particle-filtering algorithm, we report here the cryo-electron microscopy structure of the AAV2-AAVR complex at 2.8 Å resolution. This structure reveals that of the five Ig-like polycystic kidney disease (PKD) domains in AAVR, PKD2 binds directly to the spike region of the AAV2 capsid adjacent to the icosahedral three-fold axis. Residues in strands B and E, and the BC loop of AAVR PKD2 interact directly with the AAV2 capsid. The interacting residues in the AAV2 capsid are mainly in AAV-featured variable regions. Mutagenesis of the amino acids at the AAV2-AAVR interface reduces binding activity and viral infectivity. Our findings provide insights into the biology of AAV entry with high-resolution details, providing opportunities for the development of new AAV vectors for gene therapy.

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